“This book first arose out of a passage in Borges, out of the laughter that shattered, as I read the passage, all the familiar landmarks of my thought ? our thought, the thought that bears the stamp of our age and our geography ? breaking up all the ordered surfaces and all the planes with which we are accustomed to tame the wild profusion of existing things, and continuing long afterwards to disturb and threaten with collapse our age-old distinction between the Same and the Other. This passage quotes a “certain Chinese encyclopaedia” in which it is written that “animals are divided into: (a) belonging to the Emperor, (b) embalmed, (c) tame, (d) sucking pigs,(e) sirens, (f) fabulous, (g) stray dogs, (h) included in the present classification, (i) frenzied, (j) innumerable, (k) drawn with a very fine camelhair brush, (l) etcetera, (m) having just broken the water pitcher, (n) that from a long way off look like flies.” In the wonderment of this taxonomy, the thing we apprehend in one great leap, the thing that, by means of the fable is demonstrated as the exotic charm of another system of thought, is the limitation of our own, the stark impossibility of thinking that.” --Michel Foucault
From a long way off Labouls look like flies and red algae and basidiomycetes and zygomycetes
These fungi have had a
taxonomic history and have played a central role in phylogenetic
on the origin of higher fungi, whensome mycologists believed them to be
derived from floridean red algae. In addition a few were considered to
be insect-parasitic worms when they were first discovered. Members of
families (Herpomycetaceae, Laboulbeniaceae, Ceratomycetaceae,
are obligate biotrophs of insects, mites, and millipedes. A fifth
that has been included in the order by some workers, Pyxidiophoraceae,
is morphologically distinct because the species produce mycelium and
mycoparasites in the filamentous stage with an arthropod-associated
stage that may be biotrophic. The link between Laboulbeniales and
first was suggested on the basis of comparative life histories and
morphology of asci development and ascospores. More recently
analysis of molecular characters has supported the relationship.
However, althought the clade is excluded from the main group of
ascomycetes, its position among loculoascomycetes and discomycetes is
|There is little information on relationships within the Laboulbeniales, although Pyxidiophoraceae occurs as the sister taxon of species of two families (Herpomycetaceae and Laboulbeniaceae) based on phylogenetic analysis of characters derived from small subunit ribosomal DNA (Blackwell, M. 1994. Minute mycological mysteries: The influence of arthropods on the lives of fungi. Mycologia 86:1-17).|
|Megadiversity country||Number of species||% known species|
number of species collected from megadiversity countries (McNeely, J.
K.R. Miller, W. V. Reid, R. A. Werner, and T. B. Werner. 1990.
the world’s biological diversity. International Union for the
of Nature. Gland, Switzerland).
Hosts of Laboulbeniales Laboulbenialean host distribution is more restricted than has been appreciated previously. Not all insects serve as hosts and, although beetles are the most frequent host group, not all beetle groups serve as hosts. Hexapoda (90% of the known species of Laboulbeniales have been found only on adult beetles or flies, mainly the former. Within the major host group, Coleoptera, only 12 of the 24 currently recognized superfamilies of beetles have been reported as hosts for these fungi).
Diptera (true flies)
Mallophaga (bird lice)
Bordea sp. nov. (in press (R.K. Benjamin, Aliso)
Chitonomyces psittocopsis (known previously only from Florida)
Coreomyces spp. (at least 4 species)
Corethromyces sp. nov.
Ilytheomyces sp. (first record of this genus in US)
Laboulbenia spp. (at least 8 species)
Rickia passalina (and 2 other spp.)